The Church in the eastern part of the empire chose not to be led by the pope and later became the Eastern Orthodox Church.
The Eastern Churches that chose to remain in union with or were later reunited with the Roman Catholic pope and bishops would be called the Eastern Catholic Churches.
Due to the differences that created tension between the Churches of the East and the Church in Rome, the schism has lasted to this day.
The East–West Schism is the division of Chalcedonian Christianity into eastern and western branches, which later became commonly known as the Eastern Orthodox Church and is still here as we speak. What lead to the split was the East refusing to be led by the pope as well as theological disputes.
The division is when the Muslims felt a threat to Christianity. So the Muslims conquered the Christian areas of northern Africa and it stayed like that for eight hundred years.
The growing cultural and political differences between the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire clouded the unity in faith. In 1054 a schism took place in Catholicism, seperating the Church in the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire.
The Catholic Church today consists of twenty two Churches: The Roman Catholic Church and twenty one Eastern Catholic Churches.
The people who believed in Christ shared the same creed, canon of scripture, the same respect for the teachings, and the same sacraments. Christians were also governed by the pope.
The twenty-one Eastern Churches chose to have their own traditions within each Church. Each one had its own leader, teachings, and ways of worship. One of our greatest hopes today is union once again with them.
In 1054 a division, or schism, took place in Catholicism, seperating the Church in the eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire.The eastern Churches that chose to remain in union with, were later reunited with the Roman Catholic pope and bishops. Today the Catholic Church consists of 22 Roman Catholic Churches and 21 Eastern Catholic Churchs.